# Production Calculation of Knitting

Knitting Calculation:
Production calculation of knitting means calculation of knitting machine production. To calculate knitting machine production by weighing the total production of one hour or one shift or one day.

The practical way of calculating the production of a machine is as follows. In this method the following information for production calculation are required:

• Machine Guage and Dia
• RPM of Knitting Machine
• Yarn Count
• Stitch Length

### Production Calculation of Knitting

Example 01:

Find out the production per shift for a single jersey and rib from the following data:

For a single jersey,

1. Fabric width = 53 “, GSM = 150 , Yarn count(Ne) = 26S
2. Stitch length = 2.85 mm, Cylinder Dia(D) = 25″, Cylinder Gauge(G) = 24
3. No. of feeder = 75, R.P.M.of cyl.= 25, Time =8 hrs, Effi.= 80%

Solution:

Production/8hrs,

….πDG X S.L (mm) X No. of feeder X RPM X 60 X 8 X Efficiency
= …………………………………………………………………………………………… kg
……………………2.54 X 36 X 840 X 26 X 2.2046

…..3.1416 X 25 X 24 X 75 X 25 X 60 X 0.80
= …………………………………………………………… kg
…………….2.54 X 36 X 840 X 26 X 2.2046

= 87.85 kg (Ans)

For Rib,

1. Fabric width = 41″, GSM = 460 , Yarn count,Ne = 24S
2. Stitch length = 2.90 mm, Cylinder dia,D= 32″, Cylinder Gauge,G= 18
3. No. of feeder = 62, R.P.M.of cyl.= 15, Time =8 hrs, Effi.= 80%

Production/8hrs,

…..πDG X S.L (mm) X No. of feeder X RPM X 60 X 8 X Efficiency X Feeder/course (kg)
= ………………………………………………………………………………………….…………………………………..
……………………………………2.54 X 36 X 840 X Ne X 2.2046

…..3.1416 X 32 X 18 X 2.90 X 62 X 15 X 60 X 8 X 0.80
= ……………………………………………………………………………. X 2 kg
………………..2.54 X 36 X 840 X Ne X 2.2046

= 92.22 kg (Ans)

Example 02:

Calculate nominal production of a single jersey-knitting machine per hour from the data given:

• Machine Gauge = 24
• Machine Dia = 30 inches
• Number of Feeders = 90
• Machine RPM = 26
• Yarn Count = 24
• Stitch length = 4 mm
• Efficiency = 85%

Solution:

Step 01:
First, we will calculate the number of needles and the number of stitches produced in one revolution. This would help us in calculating the total length of yarn consumed in one revolution.

Number of needles = Machine dia X Gauge X p (3.14)
= 30 X 24 X 3.14
= 2260
(Exact 2260.8 but needles are always an even number so we will take the nearest even figure)

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Number of stitches produced in revolution
Every needle is making one stitch on every feeder because the machine is producing a single jersey fabric (full knit fabric).

Number of stitches produced in one revolution = Number of needles X Number of feeders
= 2260 X 90
= 203400

This machine is making 203400 stitches in one revolution.

Step 02:

The length of the stitch is 04 mm (stitch length is always calculated in a metric system)

From this, we can calculate yarn consumption in yards in one hour

Yarn Consumption (in yards) in one hour,

…..Number of stitches X length of (mm) X RPM X60 (minutes)
= ………………………………………………………………………………………….
……………………..1000(to convert mm into meters)

…..203400 X 4 X 26 X 60
= …………………………………
………………1000

= 1269216 meters or,
= 1388015 yards

Step 03:
In the previous step, we calculated the quantity of yarn consumed in yards. We can easily calculate the weight of this yarn while its count is known (see example 03).

Weight of cotton yarn,

….Length of yarn
= ……………………..
…..Count X 840

……..1388015
= …………………..
….Count X 840

= 68.85 pounds or,
= 31.23 Kilo grams
Efficiency 85% = 26.55 Kilo grams

Answer: This machine can produce 26.55 Kgs fabric in one hour at 85 % efficiency.

```Author of this Article:
Raju Tex
Knitting Technologist, B.J.Group
Chittagong Textile Engineering College