An appliqué is a smaller ornament applied to another surface. It is usually one piece. Appliqué is a surface pattern that is used to decorate an aspect of a garment or product. Appliqué refers to using fabric shapes/designs usually on the trim of a garment. This can either be sewn or glued. Many appliques are more often imported from China and used here to keep costs down. It is highly used in the Textile industry especially in the apparel industry. So the calculation of applique consumption for garments specially knit garments is important to work for merchandisers. Applique consumption calculation for knit garments are discussed below:
Definition of Appliqué:
Appliqué could define as laying pieces of fabric on top of the background fabric to form a picture or, pattern. Intricate appliqués may have numerous colors as well as use many layers of fabrics. After each individual piece of fabric is cut out. And the raw edges are turned under and hand-sewn to the background fabric using an invisible stitch. The invention of new materials (glue sticks, water dissolvable stabilizer, and fusible web), the development of new techniques, and acceptance of new standards have made appliqué faster and easier to do and are responsible for its continued popularity.
Appliqué is a decorative surface design technique. That adds texture and dimension to the background fabric as well as apparel. The term comes from the French word applique (In Latin applicare) which means to join or attach.
Consumption Calculation of Applique for Knit Garments
How to calculate applique garments:
Here I will discuss how to calculate applique consumption for knit garments.
Applique length = 25 cm
Applique width = 15 cm
Fabric Gsm = 160
Wastage = 25%
Length × Width × GSM × 12 / 10000000 + Wastage%
= 25 × 15 × 160 × 12 / 10000000 + 25%
= 0.09 kg per dozen (consumption of the applique)
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Author of this Article: Noor Ahmed Raaz B.Sc. in Apparel Manufacturing Asst. Merchandiser Opex Sinha Group, Narayongonj Email: [email protected]