Relation Among Yarn Count, Machine Gauge & Fabric GSM

In this article, we will discuss the relationship among yarn count, machine gauge & fabric GSM.

Machine Gauge
Selection of machine gauge depends upon yarn diameter. Yarn diameter also depends on several factors such as yarn count, fiber type, yarn twist, yarn finishing, etc.

Yarn Count
The count is a numerical value, which expresses the coarseness or fineness (diameter) of the yarn. And also indicates the relationship between length and weight (the mass per unit length or the length per unit mass) of that yarn.

To become successful textile personnel, your knowledge of yarn count and fabric gsm systems. This is one of the first and foremost basics. That everyone might possess to survive in the textile industry. The best weaving loom and knitting machines require yarns of appropriate yarn count.

Fabric GSM
The GSM of fabric is one kind of specification of fabric that is very important for a textile engineer for understanding and production of fabric. ‘GSM’ means ‘Gram per square meter’ that is the weight of fabric in gram per one square meter. By this, we can compare the fabrics in the unit area which are heavier and which is lighter.

Yarn Count, Machine Gauge & Fabric GSM
Fig: Relation Between Yarn Count and Fabric GSM

It is the metric measurement to check the weight of the fabric. GSM value is dependent on the kind of fabric – Cotton, wool, polyester, etc. The fabric GSM is directly proportional to the thickness of the fabric. As the value of gsm increases, the thickness increases as well. GSM is not restricted to fabric alone. To calculate the GSM of fabric or paper means to measure their thickness.

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Relation Among Yarn Count, Machine Gauge & Fabric GSM:

G.S.M. Count Gauge
110 40 s 24 gg
120 34 s 24 gg
130 32 s 24 gg
140 30 s 24 gg
150 28 s 24 gg
160 26 s 24 gg
170 24 s 24 gg
180 24 s 24 gg
190 22 s 24 gg
200-210 20 s 24 gg
220-230 18 s 20 gg
240-250 16 s 20 gg
Author of this Article:
Raju Tex 
Production Executive, 
B.J.Group, Mawna, Gazipur 
Chittagong Textile Engineering College 

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