Relation Between Yarn Count and Machine Gauge

Introduction:
Selection of machine gauge depends upon yarn diameter. Yarn diameter also depends on several factors such as yarn count, fiber type, yarn twist, yarn finishing, etc. The general practice of yarn count and machine gauge in different industries in Bangladesh are discussed in the following. Firstly we have to know what is yarn count is!

Yarn Count: Count is a numerical expression, which indicates the coarseness or fineness (diameter) of the yarn. It also indicates the relationship between length and weight (the mass per unit length or the length per unit mass) of that yarn. Relation Between Yarn Count and Machine Gauge is very important, especially for a textile student as well as a professional.

To become successful textile personnel you must have out-and-out knowledge on yarn count and machine Gauge. This is one of the basics that one might possess to survive in the textile industry. I hope at the end of this article, you will have a clear concept of this.

Relation Between Yarn Count and Machine Gauge

Yarn Count and Machine Gauge
Fig: Knitting Machine Gauge

Machine Gauge According to Yarn Count:

Yarn Count
Machine Gauge
16
18
18
20
20
20
20
24
24
22
24
24
26
20
26
22
26
24
26
28
28
22
28
25
28
28
30
22
30
24
30
28
30
34
34
28
34
28

The above values may differ because it is the results of research work. There is a relation between yarn in tex and machine gauge is given by an equation,

For single-jersey, G = √(1650 / Tex) and

For double-jersey, G = √(1400 / Tex)

Where G is measured in needles per cm.

You may like also: Relation Between Yarn Count and Fabric GSM

The yarn count to be used on a circular knitting machine depends largely on the pitch, and thus on the machine gauge. For any given machine gauge it can lie within a larger range, because on the same machine different yarn count can be used, depending on the knitted structure, the desired optics(fabric appearance), and the fabric properties.

Author of this Article:
Raju Tex 
Knitting Technologist, 
B.J.Group, Mawna, Gazipur 
Chittagong Textile Engineering College 
Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/ERZRAZU

Sharing is caring!

Leave a Comment