Introduction:
Fabric consumption is very important to find out the number of fabrics required to produce garments. The main reason for this consumption is to bring an assumption over the cost of the garments. After getting all the measurements if we apply them into the following equation we will get fabric consumption of that particular part per dozen. In this article polo shirt fabric consumption calculation will be disscussed.
Fabric Consumption Calculation for Polo Shirt
The equation is Cloth per Dozen (CPD) = (L × W × GSM × 12) / 107
Where,
L= Length of the part,
W = Width of the part,
GSM (Gram Per Square Meter) = 220
Fabric Consumption for different parts:
 Fabric consumption for body part.
 Fabric consumption for Sleeves.
 Fabric consumption for Collar.
 Fabric consumption for Cuff
Here,
a) G.S.M. (given by buyer)
 Body 145 – 150
 Collar (12pcs) 400
 Cuff (12 x 2) 300
b) Sewing & seam allowance 1.50 – 3cm
c) Wastage: 7%
d) Measurement chart (given by buyer Measurement Chart):
Parts Name

Given

Estimated

a) Chest

96 cm

102 cm

b) HPS

65 cm

70 cm

c) Sleeve length

20 cm

25 cm

d) Armhole

46 cm

49 cm

e) Collar length

46 cm

46 cm

f) Collar width

7 cm

10 cm

g) Cuff length

26 cm

10 cm

h) cuff width

3 cm

5cm

………………………………………………………………………L x W x 12 x GSM
A) Fabric consumption for body part. (CPD) = ……………………………….. kg
………………………………………………………………………….10000000
…….70 x 102x 12 x 150
= ……………………………….. kg
………….10000000
= 1.28 kg
………………………………………………………………..L x W x 12 x 2 x GSM
B) Fabric consumption for Sleeves. (CPD) = …………………………………. kg
…………………………………………………………………………10000000
…..25 x 49 x 12 x 2 x 150 kg
= …………………………………….. kg
…………………..107
= 0.44 kg
………………………………………………………………L x W x 12 x GSM
C) Fabric consumption for Collar. (CPD) = ………………………….. kg
……………………………………………………………………………107
……46 x 10 x 12 x 400
= ……………………………… kg
…………..107
= 0.22 kg
………………………………………………………………..L x W x 12 x 2 x GSM
D) Fabric consumption for Cuff (CPD) = ………………………………………. kg
…………………………………………………………………………………107
….30 x 5 x 12 x 2 x 300
= …………………………….. kg
……………….107
= 0.108 kg
Fabric Consumption:
1.28 kg/ dozen (body) + 0.44 kg/ dozen (sleeve) + 0.22 kg/dozen (collar) + 0.108 kg/dozen (cuff)
= 2.05 kg/dozen
Total fabric consumption:
Total fabric + 7% wastage
= 2.19 kg/dozen.
So, fabric consumption for 1 dozen polo shirts is 2.19 kg.
Author of this Article: Rahat Khan Dept. of Apparel Manufacturing Atish Dipankar University of Science and Technology Cell: +8801717781833
Collar (12pcs) 400 but dont understand what mean 400?????????
placket & half moon measurements/ consumption missing….
over all good….